Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common condition in which an individual can see objects clearly up close, but objects at a distance appear blurry. Myopia control is a set of strategies and treatments aimed at slowing down the progression of myopia, reducing the risk of associated eye problems, and reducing the need for glasses or contact lenses.
Here are some common myopia control strategies:
1. Multifocal Contact Lenses or Spectacles: These lenses have different focusing power at different points, which can help slow down the progression of myopia.
2. Atropine Eye Drops: Atropine is a type of medication that is applied as eye drops and can help slow down the progression of myopia.
3. Orthokeratology: This is a non-surgical treatment in which a special type of contact lens is worn overnight to reshape the cornea and reduce myopia.
4. Outdoor Time: Encouraging children to spend more time outdoors and engaging in outdoor activities has been shown to have a protective effect on myopia development.
5. Controlled Screen Time: Limiting screen time, especially before bed, and taking breaks every 20-30 minutes when using digital devices, can help reduce the risk of myopia progression.
It is important to note that while myopia control strategies can be effective, they do not cure myopia. However, they can help slow down the progression of the condition and reduce the risk of associated eye problems. An optometrist or eye doctor can assess an individual's specific needs and recommend the most appropriate myopia control strategy for their situation. Regular comprehensive eye exams are also important for monitoring the progression of myopia and for maintaining good overall eye health.